What causes infertility?

Causes of Male Infertility

What causes infertility – Some of the causes of male infertility is as follows:

  • Abnormal sperm production or function may lead to infertility condition.
  • Poor quality semen causes infertility.
  • Overexposure to environmental factors causes infertility – smoking, alcohol, tobacco use, and stress, prolonged exposure to heat or chemical fumes, use of recreational drugs or anabolic steroids.
  • Decreased sexual activity causes infertility.
  • Genetic abnormalities like Y chromosome micro deletion, Klinifelter’s syndrome.
  • Damage because of some co-existing disease or cancer or its treatment can be the infertility causes.
  • Hormone abnormalities cause infertility.
  • Surgical problems like Varicocele, Hydrocele etc.
  • If the testicles are damaged, it causes infertility.
  • Side effect of certain drugs causes infertility.
  • Complete absence of sperm in the semen.
  • Can be because of complete or partial damage of testis causing either no sperm production or very little sperm production (not enough to travel through to the ejaculate).
  • Hypothalamus – Pituitary Dysfunction.
  • Complete blockage or absence of the tube taking the sperm from the testis to the penis.


Female Infertility Causes

Female infertility causes can be the following:

  • Ovulation disorder causes infertility – This is the most common cause of female infertility. Female infertility can also because of endocrinological problems like Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), Thyroid disorders, Hyperprolactinemia, or other hormonal problems.
  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage causes infertility – It can be in the form of complete tubal blockage or dysfunction in the tube because of several causes like infections, surgery, pelvic adhesions, distortion of the pelvis anatomy etc.
  • Pelvic factors – Issues like Endometriosis, uterine fibroids and cysts that distort the pelvic anatomy and make it difficult for the sperm and egg to meet each other or the embryo to implant in the uterus. This condition causes infertility. Problems like endometriosis can cause severe pelvic adhesions. This is one of the causes of female infertility.
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency – Either premature ovarian ageing or failure can happen because of several factors like genetic problems, endometriosis, multiple ovarian surgeries. It can also be idiopathic.
  • The mucus in your cervix may not be thin enough for sperm to swim easily while you are ovulating causes infertility condition.
  • Low level of testosterone causes infertility and the condition is known as Hypogonadism.


Fertility and Risk Factors

Some of the other risk factors and fertility causes are:

  • Age is the most important factor that influences the potential for pregnancy in a female. As the age increases the ovarian reserve (total no of eggs) in the ovary will significantly come down (especially after 33 years) and there seems to be issues in women like fibroid, endometriosis etc which are more common in women of this age group. These factors combined together will decrease the chances of pregnancy as the age increases and it falls to a critical level after the female becomes 40 years. The age factor causes infertility condition.
  • Being overweight or underweight, both seems to make getting pregnant more difficult. It is mainly because of its influence on the ovulation of the women. It is important that the females follow a healthy lifestyle and diet while they are trying to get pregnant.
  • Tobacco use or alcohol intake seen as a rising risk factor causing infertility to females looking to get pregnant.

Infertility Treatment

Statistics say that about eighty percent of the couple that approach for infertility treatment can be treated by counselling alone and it is only twenty percent of them that require some form of infertility treatment.


Infertility is not a disease but a condition where in a particular couple is not able to conceive. Infertility problems in a couple can be due to either the woman or the man, or it can be even due to problems in both ….

Infertility Diagnosis

Infertility diagnosis is performed initially, by collecting complete medical history and physical examination. It will then followed by diagnostic tests for infertility. The common tests are urine tests, blood tests, …….

Infertility Causes

As the age increases the ovarian reserve (total no of eggs) in the ovary will significantly come down (especially after 33 years) and there seems to be issues in women like fibroid, endometriosis etc which ……

IVF Treatment Procedures

IVF (Invitro Fertilisation) refers to a procedure where women’s egg are removed and fertilized with man’s sperm outside the body in the laboratory. The embryos thus formed are then put back into the uterus ….

Intra Uterine Insemination

IUI and AI are one and the same fertility treatment. A small tube is used to place specially washed sperm directly into the uterus. While fertility drugs are not always used during IUI, most doctors ……

IVF Treatment

While every fertility clinic’s IVF protocol will be slightly different and IVF treatment are adjusted for a couple’s individual needs, here is a step-by-step breakdown of what generally takes place during an ……


With ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), though, the ovaries become dangerously enlarged with fluid. This fluid can leak in to the belly and chest area, leading to complications. If your doctor …..

Female Infertility

Female infertility include problems with ovulation, damage to fallopian tubes or uterus or problems with cervix. Age is another major issue that contribute to infertility because when a women ages, her fertility …….

Fertility Medication

The objective of the fertility treatment is optimization  of outcome with minimization is opting of risk. A flexible dosing during stimulation is essential for optimizing the cycle outcome.

Ovulation Analysis

Ovulation analysis is the process by which the fertility is assessed to find the fertile window and general assessment. Various methods exist for ovulation testing. Various methods exist for ovulation testing.


It is used to know whether the fallopian tubes of the patient are blocked and whether blockage is at the junction of tube of uterus (proximal) or at the distal end. Radiographic contrast dye is …….


Cryopreserving agents that minimize damage to the cells during freezing and thawing process. Semen cryopreservation also called sperm banking is a procedure to preserve sperm cells.

Ultrasound Assessment

Transvaginal sonography is one of the indispensable investigation as far as infertility patient is concerned. It is non-invasive and the single test that parallels to clinical assessment. Assessing the …..

Fertility Age

As the women gets older the incidence of chromosomally abnormal eggs increases dramatically. The mecoha spindle is a critical component of eggs that is involved in organising the chromosome ….

Semen Analysis

All the macroscopic parameters in semen analysis, denote the functional capacity of the necessary male organs namely seminal vesicles, prostate and whether or if the whole tract from testes to the …..


In general, semen analysis, hysterosalpingogram, assessment of ovulation and ovarian reserve should be the initial investigations and if no cause of infertility found, laparoscopy should be done.

Male Infertility

Anything that effect the hypothalamus pituitary endocrine system which regulates the sperm production can be detrimental. There are also a wide variety of physical problems like varicocele, ……

Infertility Specialty Doctors

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